在CentOS 8上安装OCS-NG清单

在本指南中,我们将学习如何在CentOS 8上安装OCS-NG库存。 下一代OCS(开放计算机和软件)库存 是用于盘点IT资产的开源工具。它收集有关运行OCS客户端程序(“ OCS库存代理”)的联网计算机的硬件和软件的信息。 OCS可用于通过Web界面可视化库存。它部署在代理服务器架构中,在该服务器中,将OCS NG代理安装在要清点的资产上以收集有关该资产的信息。如果无法像在路由器,交换机中那样安装代理,则可以使用SNMP轮询来收集资产信息。

在CentOS 8上安装OCS-NG清单

先决条件

OCS-NG清单是一个Web应用程序,因此需要LAMP / LEMP堆栈。如上所述,它还需要许多perl库和PHP扩展。 先决条件页面

更新系统软件包

dnf update

在本演示中,我们将LAMP用于OCS-NG,因此,LAMP堆栈组件的安装如下:

在CentOS 8上安装Apache Web服务器

dnf install httpd -y

如果FirewallD正在运行,请允许Apache外部访问。

firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=http
firewall-cmd --reload

启动并启用Apache服务。

systemctl enable --now httpd

在CentOS 8上安装MariaDB数据库服务器

dnf install mariadb mariadb-server -y

启动并启用MariaDB服务。

systemctl enable --now mariadb

创建OCS-NG库存数据库和数据库用户

首先运行MySQL初始安全脚本。

mysql_secure_installation

接下来,登录并创建OCS-NG数据库。相应地替换数据库的名称。

mysql -u root -p
create database ocsdb;

之后,创建OCS-NG数据库用户并分配OCS-NG数据库的所有权限。相应地替换用户名和密码。

grant all on ocsdb.* to [email protected] identified by 'ocsDBpassW0rd';

重新加载特权表并退出数据库。

flush privileges;
quit

安装PHP和OCS-NG清单所需的扩展

为了避免我们在其他版本的PHP(如OCS-NG黑屏)中遇到的问题,OCS-NG停留在 处理中… 使用PHP 7.3 本指南将继续使用PHP 7.2,它是CentOS 8上的默认可用版本。如果您知道如何解决此问题,请将线索移至注释部分。

为了安装所有必需的PHP模块,请安装PHP Remi repos。

dnf install epel-release
dnf install remi-release

启用PHP 7.2 Remi存储库;

dnf module reset -y php
dnf module enable php:remi-7.2

接下来,安装PHP和所需的PHP模块。

dnf install php php-domxml php-gd php-imap php-ldap php-mbstring php-mysqlnd php-opcache php-pdo php-pear php-pecl-apcu php-pecl-zip php-soap php-xmlrpc php-gd php-xml php-zip php-fpm php-bcmath php-intl

启动并启用PHP-FPM;

systemctl enable --now php-fpm

安装Perl和构建工具

运行以下命令以安装Perl,perl模块和所需的构建工具。

dnf install -y make gcc perl-Archive-Zip perl-Compress-Zlib perl-DBD-MySQL perl-DBI perl-Mojolicious perl-Net-IP perl-Plack perl-SOAP-Lite perl-Switch perl-XML-Entities perl-XML-Simple perl-Apache-DBI perl-Digest-SHA1 perl-Apache2-SOAP

下载OCS-NG清单服务器存档

导航 OCS下载页面 并下载OCS Server。您只需运行以下命令即可获取OCS 2.7。确保相应地替换版本。

wget https://github.com/OCSInventory-NG/OCSInventory-ocsreports/releases/download/2.7/OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER_2.7.tar.gz

完成下载后,解压缩存档。

tar xzf OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER_2.7.tar.gz

安装OCS-NG清单

导航到OCS源目录。

cd OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER_2.7/

执行安装脚本。

sh setup.sh

按照提示安装相应的OCS-NG库存。按 输入 接受默认值。

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                                                          |
|  Welcome to OCS Inventory NG Management server setup !   |
|                                                          |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Trying to determine which OS or Linux distribution you use
+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache web server binaries !				|
+----------------------------------------------------------+

CAUTION: If upgrading Communication server from OCS Inventory NG 1.0 RC2 and
previous, please remove any Apache configuration for Communication Server!

Do you wish to continue ([y]/n)?y
Assuming Communication server 1.0 RC2 or previous is not installed
on this computer.

Starting OCS Inventory NG Management server setup from folder /root/OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER_2.7
Storing log in file /root/OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER_2.7/ocs_server_setup.log

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for database server properties...			  |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Your MySQL client seems to be part of MySQL version 10.3.
Your computer seems to be running MySQL 4.1 or higher, good ;-)

Which host is running database server [localhost] ?
OK, database server is running on host localhost ;-)

On which port is running database server [3306] ?
OK, database server is running on port 3306 ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache web server daemon...				|
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Where is Apache daemon binary [/usr/sbin/httpd] ?
OK, using Apache daemon /usr/sbin/httpd ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache main configuration file...		  |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Where is Apache main configuration file [/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf] ?
OK, using Apache main configuration file /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache user account...					 |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Which user account is running Apache web server [apache] ?
OK, Apache is running under user account apache ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache group...							|
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Which user group is running Apache web server [apache] ?
OK, Apache is running under users group apache ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for Apache Include configuration directory...   |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Setup found Apache Include configuration directory in
/etc/httpd/conf.d.
Setup will put OCS Inventory NG Apache configuration in this directory.
Where is Apache Include configuration directory [/etc/httpd/conf.d] ?
OK, Apache Include configuration directory /etc/httpd/conf.d found ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for PERL Interpreter...						|
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Found PERL interpreter at  ;-)
Where is PERL interpreter binary [/usr/bin/perl] ?
OK, using PERL interpreter /usr/bin/perl ;-)


Do you wish to setup Communication server on this computer ([y]/n)?y


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|             Checking for Make utility...                 |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

OK, Make utility found at  ;-)

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|        Checking for Apache mod_perl version...           |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking for Apache mod_perl version 1.99_22 or higher
Found that mod_perl version 1.99_22 or higher is available.
OK, Apache is using mod_perl version 1.99_22 or higher ;-)

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|    Checking for Communication server log directory...    |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Communication server can create detailed logs. This logs can be enabled
by setting integer value of LOGLEVEL to 1 in Administration console
menu Configuration.
Where to put Communication server log directory [/var/log/ocsinventory-server] ?
OK, Communication server will put logs into directory /var/log/ocsinventory-server ;-)

+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|    Checking for Communication server plugins configuration directory...    |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Communication server need a directory for plugins configuration files. 
Where to put Communication server plugins configuration files [/etc/ocsinventory-server/plugins] ?
OK, Communication server will put plugins configuration files into directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/plugins ;-)

+-------------------------------------------------------------------+
|   Checking for Communication server plugins perl directory...     |
+-------------------------------------------------------------------+

Communication server need a directory for plugins Perl modules files.
Where to put Communication server plugins Perl modules files [/etc/ocsinventory-server/perl] ?
OK, Communication server will put plugins Perl modules files into directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/perl ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for required Perl Modules...					|
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking for DBI PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBI is available.
Checking for Apache::DBI PERL module...
Found that PERL module Apache::DBI is available.
Checking for DBD::mysql PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBD::mysql is available.
Checking for Compress::Zlib PERL module...
Found that PERL module Compress::Zlib is available.
Checking for XML::Simple PERL module...
Found that PERL module XML::Simple is available.
Checking for Net::IP PERL module...
Found that PERL module Net::IP is available.
Checking for SOAP::Lite Perl module...
Found that PERL module SOAP::Lite is available.
Checking for Archive::Zip Perl module...
Found that PERL module Archive::Zip is available.

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|         Checking for optional Perl Modules...            |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking for Apache2::SOAP PERL module...
Found that PERL module SOAP::Apache2 is available.
Checking for XML::Entities PERL module...
Found that PERL module XML::Entities is available.


Do you wish to setup Rest API server on this computer ([y]/n)?y

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Checking for REST API Dependencies ...              		 |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Found that PERL module Mojolicious::Lite is available.
Found that PERL module Switch is available.
Found that PERL module Plack::Handler is available.

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Configuring REST API Server files ...               		 |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Where do you want the API code to be store [/usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl] ?
Copying files to /usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl

+----------------------------------------------------------+
| Configuring REST API Server configuration files ...  		 |
+----------------------------------------------------------+


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                 OK, looks good ;-)                       |
|                                                          |
|     Configuring Communication server Perl modules...     |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking if your kit is complete...
Looks good
Generating a Unix-style Makefile
Writing Makefile for Apache::Ocsinventory
Writing MYMETA.yml and MYMETA.json

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                 OK, looks good ;-)                       |
|                                                          |
|      Preparing Communication server Perl modules...      |
+----------------------------------------------------------+


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|                 OK, prepare finshed ;-)                  |
|                                                          |
|     Installing Communication server Perl modules...      |
+----------------------------------------------------------+


+----------------------------------------------------------+
| OK, Communication server Perl modules install finished;-)|
|                                                          |
|     Creating Communication server log directory...       |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Creating Communication server log directory /var/log/ocsinventory-server.

Fixing Communication server log directory files permissions.
Configuring logrotate for Communication server.
Removing old communication server logrotate file /etc/logrotate.d/ocsinventory-NG
Writing communication server logrotate to file /etc/logrotate.d/ocsinventory-server


+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|        OK, Communication server log directory created ;-)            |
|                                                                      |
|   Creating Communication server plugins configuration directory...   |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

Creating Communication server plugins configuration directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/plugins.


+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
| OK, Communication server plugins configuration directory created ;-) |
|                                                                      |
|        Creating Communication server plugins Perl directory...       |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

Creating Communication server plugins Perl directory /etc/ocsinventory-server/perl.


+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|     OK, Communication server plugins Perl directory created ;-)      |
|                                                                      |
|               Now configuring Apache web server...                   |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+

To ensure Apache loads mod_perl before OCS Inventory NG Communication Server,
Setup can name Communication Server Apache configuration file
'z-ocsinventory-server.conf' instead of 'ocsinventory-server.conf'.
Do you allow Setup renaming Communication Server Apache configuration file
to 'z-ocsinventory-server.conf' ([y]/n) ?y
OK, using 'z-ocsinventory-server.conf' as Communication Server Apache configuration file
Removing old communication server configuration to file /etc/httpd/conf.d/ocsinventory.conf
Writing communication server configuration to file /etc/httpd/conf.d/z-ocsinventory-server.conf

+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|       OK, Communication server setup successfully finished ;-)       |
|                                                                      |
| Please, review /etc/httpd/conf.d/z-ocsinventory-server.conf |
|         to ensure all is good. Then restart Apache daemon.           |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+


Do you wish to setup Administration Server (Web Administration Console)
on this computer ([y]/n)?y

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|    Checking for Administration Server directories...     |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

CAUTION: Setup now install files in accordance with Filesystem Hierarchy
Standard. So, no file is installed under Apache root document directory
(Refer to Apache configuration files to locate it).
If you're upgrading from OCS Inventory NG Server 1.01 and previous, YOU
MUST REMOVE (or move) directories 'ocsreports' and 'download' from Apache
root document directory.
If you choose to move directory, YOU MUST MOVE 'download' directory to
Administration Server writable/cache directory (by default
/var/lib/ocsinventory-reports), especially if you use deployment feature.

Do you wish to continue ([y]/n)?y
Assuming directories 'ocsreports' and 'download' removed from
Apache root document directory.

Where to copy Administration Server static files for PHP Web Console
[/usr/share/ocsinventory-reports] ?
OK, using directory /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports to install static files ;-)

Where to create writable/cache directories for deployment packages,
administration console logs, IPDiscover and SNMP [/var/lib/ocsinventory-reports] ?
OK, writable/cache directory is /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports ;-)


+----------------------------------------------------------+
|         Checking for required Perl Modules...            |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Checking for DBI PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBI is available.
Checking for DBD::mysql PERL module...
Found that PERL module DBD::mysql is available.
Checking for XML::Simple PERL module...
Found that PERL module XML::Simple is available.
Checking for Net::IP PERL module...
Found that PERL module Net::IP is available.

+----------------------------------------------------------+
|      Installing files for Administration server...       |
+----------------------------------------------------------+

Creating PHP directory /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports.
Copying PHP files to /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports.
Fixing permissions on directory /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports.
Creating database configuration file /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports/dbconfig.inc.php.
Creating IPDiscover directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/ipd.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/ipd.
Creating packages directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/download.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/download.
Creating snmp mibs directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/snmp.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/snmp.
Creating Administration server log files directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/logs.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/logs.
Creating Administration server scripts log files directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/scripts.
Fixing permissions on directory /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports/scripts.
Configuring IPDISCOVER-UTIL Perl script.
Installing IPDISCOVER-UTIL Perl script.
Fixing permissions on IPDISCOVER-UTIL Perl script.
Writing Administration server configuration to file /etc/httpd/conf.d/ocsinventory-reports.conf

+----------------------------------------------------------------------+
|        OK, Administration server installation finished ;-)           |
|                                                                      |
| Please, review /etc/httpd/conf.d/ocsinventory-reports.conf
|          to ensure all is good and restart Apache daemon.            |
|                                                                      |
| Then, point your browser to http://server//ocsreports
|        to configure database server and create/update schema.        |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------+


Setup has created a log file /root/OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER_2.7/ocs_server_setup.log. Please, save this file.
If you encounter error while running OCS Inventory NG Management server,
we can ask you to show us its content !

DON'T FORGET TO RESTART APACHE DAEMON !

Enjoy OCS Inventory NG ;-)

对于任何安装问题,您可以检查日志文件, $HOME/OCSNG_UNIX_SERVER_2.7/ocs_server_setup.log

配置OCS-NG数据库连接设置

编辑OCS-NG Web服务器配置以配置数据库连接设置。

vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/z-ocsinventory-server.conf
...
  # Master Database settings
  # Replace localhost by hostname or ip of MySQL server for WRITE
  PerlSetEnv OCS_DB_HOST localhost
  # Replace 3306 by port where running MySQL server, generally 3306
  PerlSetEnv OCS_DB_PORT 3306
  # Name of database
  PerlSetEnv OCS_DB_NAME ocsdb
  PerlSetEnv OCS_DB_LOCAL ocsdb
  # User allowed to connect to database
  PerlSetEnv OCS_DB_USER ocsadmin
  # Password for user
  PerlSetVar OCS_DB_PWD ocsDBpassW0rd
...
vim /etc/httpd/conf.d/zz-ocsinventory-restapi.conf
...

  $ENV{PLACK_ENV} = 'production';
  $ENV{MOJO_HOME} = '/usr/lib64/perl5/vendor_perl';
  $ENV{MOJO_MODE} = 'deployment';
  $ENV{OCS_DB_HOST} = 'localhost';
  $ENV{OCS_DB_PORT} = '3306';
  $ENV{OCS_DB_LOCAL} = 'ocsdb';
  $ENV{OCS_DB_USER} = 'ocsadmin';
  $ENV{OCS_DB_PWD} = 'ocsDBpassW0rd';
  $ENV{OCS_DB_SSL_ENABLED} = 0;
#  $ENV{OCS_DB_SSL_CLIENT_KEY} = '';
#  $ENV{OCS_DB_SSL_CLIENT_CERT} = '';
#  $ENV{OCS_DB_SSL_CA_CERT} = '';
  $ENV{OCS_DB_SSL_MODE} = 'SSL_MODE_PREFERRED';

...
vim /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports/dbconfig.inc.php
$_SESSION["SERVEUR_SQL"]="localhost";
$_SESSION["COMPTE_BASE"]="ocsdb";
$_SESSION["PSWD_BASE"]="ocsDBpassW0rd";
?>

进行更改后,保存并退出配置文件。

设置OCS配置文件的适当权限和所有权。

chmod -R 766 /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports
chown -R apache:apache /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports
chown -R apache:apache /var/lib/ocsinventory-reports

还可以调整Web服务器配置文件上的SELinux权限。

chcon -R -t httpd_sys_rw_content_t /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports

删除安装脚本。

mv /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports/install.php /usr/share/ocsinventory-reports/ocsreports/install.php.old

重新启动Apache,MariaDB和PHP-FPM服务。

systemctl restart httpd mariadb php-fpm

通过Web界面完成OCS-NG配置

导航 http:// server-hostname-or-IP / ocsreports 在浏览器上访问OCS。

配置OCS库存数据库连接,然后单击 发送

接下来,点击 点击此处进入OCS-NG GUI 登录到OCS Web界面。使用默认凭据:login =admin 和密码=admin

在CentOS 8上安装OCS-NG清单

如果提示您运行数据库更新,请继续并进入OCS登录界面。

在CentOS 8上安装OCS-NG清单

OCS-NG用户界面。

在CentOS 8上安装OCS-NG清单

重设密码: 设置齿轮>我的帐户>密码。

这标志着我们有关如何在CentOS 8上安装OCS-NG清单的指南的结尾。

然后,您可以学习如何安装OCS-NG库存代理,以收集有关联网机器的硬件和软件的信息。

在Debian 10 / Ubuntu 18.04上安装OCS库存代理

参考:

OCS-NG清单文件

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